Preposition

What is a preposition?

A preposition is a word that acts as a connector between nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words in a sentence. They connect the people and objects with their time and location along with other words. It functions to succeed or precede the word, and that is called as the object of a preposition.

  • Example: Sarah is sleeping on (पर) the floor.

Here, the word “on” represents the relationship between Sarah and the floor.

  • Example: The apples are attached to the tree.

Here, the preposition “ to’’ introduces the location of the apples.

 

Importance of prepositions

We will explain this to you with the help of an example.

Consider the sentence, “I am writing in the room’. We can easily recognize the preposition here i.e. ‘in’. Now, let’s try to read the sentence without preposition. “I am writing the room”.

 

Are you able to understand the meaning of the sentence? No,right?

So, now you know the importance of preposition in making a sentence meaningful and clear.

 

Common Prepositions:

Here are the prepositions that you have must have seen earlier.

  • On
  • In
  • At
  • Into
  • After
  • Before
  • To
  • Onto
  • Under
  • From
  • Between

Please note that there are other prepositions as well, but we have mentioned only the most needful ones.

Uncommon prepositions

Next, you can read these prepositions that are used less frequently than the ones mentioned above. We have also helped you with their Hindi translation.

  • Across (भर में)
  • Above (ऊपर)
  • Beneath (नीचे)
  • In front of (सामने)
  • Next to (के पास)
  • Underneath (नीचे)
  • Beyond (परे)
  • Aside (अलग)

Please note that there are other prepositions as well, but we have mentioned only the most needful ones

 

Types of Preposition

The basic examples of prepositions are- from, to, on, in, before, etc. It can get confusing to get the hang of it in the cluster. So, here we have got you the types of prepositions. With the help of it, you can categorize the prepositional words better and enhance your grammatical skills.

 

  • Preposition of Time

Preposition of time indicates when the event happened. They are often used to refer to times and dates. The basic prepositions of time are: at, in, on

  • We have decided to throw a party on
  • They are going to France in (में ) January.
  • You were great at the meeting.
  • This house was bought by my grandpa in
  • Earth Day is celebrated on April 22nd.
  • I don’t wake up till 12 on
  • We ate our last meal at 10 past 9.
  • You have to pray before (इससे पहले) breakfast.
  • We can go out for drinks after (बाद )the work.
  • Alice has to wait until (जब तक) her daughter is well.

 

  • Preposition of Place

These are the words that indicate towards the place of the subject or object. Some of them are: on, in, at, under, front, inside etc.

  • Place the cards over (ऊपर)
  • He is waiting at (पर) the airport.
  • She has now shifted to New Jersey.
  • Kristine is locked in (में) the bathroom.
  • The National Champions are mobbed outside (बाहर) the arena.
  • Can you pick up the book that fell under (नीचे) the table?

 

  • Preposition of Movement.

Preposition of Movement shows the motion of the subject or object from one place to another. In total, there are 9 types of Preposition of Movement: To, through, along, in, on, into, across, over, towards.

  • Can you drive me to my home?
  • She passed through the metal detector.
  • The cars are parked along (साथ में) the footpath.
  • They are planning to shift in (साथ में) the other apartment.
  • .!! They have arranged an array of new comic books on the shelf.
  • After the reaction, it changed into (में )potassium hydroxide.
  • We used the boat for shopping across (उस तरफ) the river.
  • I have put a scarf over my head.
  • She is slowly moving towards(की ओर)her car.

Important points to notice

  • Preposition ‘at’ (पर) has to uses. It is used for telling the time and place, both. So, it comes under “preposition of time” and “preposition of place.”

 

  • Preposition of place: They are waiting at the bar.
  • Preposition of time: they will come at 4:30.

 

  • Preposition ‘in’ (में) has two uses. It is used to tell the time and place, both. So, it comes under “preposition of time” and “preposition of place.”
  • Preposition of place: The kids are playing in the garden.
  • Preposition of time: The team will come back in

 

  • Preposition ‘on’ (पर ) has two uses. It is used to tell the time and place, both. So, it comes under “preposition of time” and “preposition of place.” You can use it as
  • Preposition of place: The book is on the table.
  • Preposition of time: We are going to bake on